Hamster/gerbil

Cage with environmental enrichment.  See below for some great examples 

Syrian Minimum of 100cm by 50cm 
Dwarf Minimum of 80 cm by 50cm

 

Cages:

Ikea Detlof is great to convert

This Pawhut Hamster cage is a great home for your small pets

This PawHut Small Wooden Hamster, Mouse or Rat Cage/Play House

 

Bedding:

Not all bedding is suitable even though it has been marketed as being safe. Some great ones however are:
Kaytee Clean and Cozy
Care Fresh
Uber Soft Bedding
Aspen
Bedding must be deep enough for them to burrow ideally 6 inches compacted don so they can make burrow without them caving in on them.

They need a full clean every 4-6 weeks and a spot clean daily; it is very distressing if you remove all of the substrate as it loses their scent, they will usually choose one place to toilet that you can clean daily. 

 

Food:
Science Selective hamster food unlimited 
alongside 1tsp of good quality seed mix for example from 'Erins ark' scattered around the enclosure.
Fresh Vegetables in very small doses, 1 in every 3 days remember they only have very small bellies 

 

Enrichment:

Sand Baths, depending on the size of your hamster would depend on the size of sand bath, this is what hamsters use to clean themselves, the best sand to use is Reptile sand as it is a smaller grain than the ones marketed for use for hamsters.

Coco fibre - you can buy blocks of fibre you soak in water once this is damp but not soaking this can be put into a dish to give another form of enrichment and stimulation.

 

Wheels are great for hamsters to exercise but they are usually to small these are the recommended minimum sizes:
Syrian 28 cm 
Chinese 26 cm
Dwarf 20cm


Some Recommended wheels:
Trixie Plastic
Savic Rolly
Trixie Wooden
Tictac Wheel
Niteangel Wheel
Silent Spinner


All wheels should have a solid running surface and no wire bars, the hamster must be able to run without an arch in their back.

 

Hamster love to have places to hide so lots of different hides and tunnels and levels to make the enclosure interesting, this can be moved around when you deep clean each month.

 

Sprays are good to encourage foraging here are some great ones you can find online on Etsy:
Oat
Millet
Red Millet
Pearl Millet
Wheat Spray
Sorghum spray
Flax Spray
You can also get forages mixes
Dandelion Root
Plantain
Blackberry leaf


Hamsters also love time outside of the cage in a safe zone we recommend a small soft play pen with different items than they have in the enclosure

 

Rats

One of the recommended suppliers of rat feed here  
Home made mixes work just as well providing your ensure the ratio is correct.

 

Recommended substrate - aubiose ( sold as horse bedding ) back2nature litter is good for litter trays.

 

Rats are very sociable animals and should always be kept in Atleast pairs. RTs love exposure snd digging so it’s important the base of the cage consists of a thick layer of substrate for digging , and the cage contains plenty of climbing ropes / toys / hammocks and beds. 

Cage size - we personally aim for something similar too Size: W96 x D63 x H159cm when re homing.

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